The Research File

The Research File is an ongoing series of research summaries featuring synthesized and interpreted scientific information about active lifestyles. The series are written and designed in collaboration with ParticipACTION. Written specifically for professionals, the Research File summarizes research findings in the area of physical activity. The Research File is published online. The majority of the 12 articles published per year cover the same topics as the Lifestyle Tips; others offer practical suggestions for integrating physical activity into one's daily life.

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15-03: The Influence of socio-demographic factors on children’s physical activity and sport

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15-03: The Influence of socio-demographic factors on children’s physical activity and sport

Summary

This edition of the Research File will summarize the findings of an international study which examined the associations of family socio-economic position (determined by parental education, employment status and household income) and ethnicity with sport participation and outdoor play among school-aged children.

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Publication Date: March 31, 2015

15-02: Parental and Peer Influence on Physical Activity among Children and Adolescents

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15-02: Parental and Peer Influence on Physical Activity among Children and Adolescents

Summary

This edition of the Research File aims to summarize the findings of a Canadian study conducted by Vander Ploeg et al. which examined
the relationship between parental beliefs and support for PA and children’s PA levels both on school and weekend days.

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Publication Date: February 28, 2015

14-12: To Move or Not to Move that is the Question-the Health Impact of Sedentary Behaviours

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14-12: To Move or Not to Move that is the Question-the Health Impact of Sedentary Behaviours

Summary

This edition of the Research File will summarize the findings of two studies which focus on SB. The first study is a overview of systematic review conducted by Rezende and colleagues, which investigates the relationship between SB and various health outcomes. The second study by Prince et al. synthesized evidence regarding the effectiveness of physical activity (PA) and SB interventions on reducing sedentary time in adults.

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Publication Date: December 12, 2014

14-11: The Influence of Physical Activity, Sleep Duration and Sedentary Time on Adiposity in Children

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14-11: The Influence of Physical Activity, Sleep Duration and Sedentary Time on Adiposity in Children

Summary

This edition of the research file summarizes a recent study conducted by Chaput and colleagues which examined the independent and combined associations among movement/non-movement behaviours (MVPA, total sedentary time and sleep duration) and adiposity indicators (i.e., percentage body fat and weight-to-height-ratio) in a sample of Canadian children. This is the first study of its kind (according to the authors) to employ the use of accelerometry (worn over 24 hours) to measure these movement/non-movement behaviours in children, and examine their inter-connections as it relates to adiposity.

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Publication Date: November 13, 2014

14-7: The Effects of Immigration and Ethnicity on Physical Activity among Canadian Youth

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14-7: The Effects of Immigration and Ethnicity on Physical Activity among Canadian Youth

Summary

This edition of The Research File summarizes the findings of a recent study by Kukaswadia and colleagues. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in activity levels between immigrant youth and their Canadian-born peers. Additionally, investigators examined the effects of time since immigration and ethnicity on this relationship.

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Publication Date: July 9, 2014

14-6: Getting Active with Age: Encouraging Seniors to Keep Moving!

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14-6: Getting Active with Age: Encouraging Seniors to Keep Moving!

Summary

This edition of the Research File will summarize the findings of a recent Canadian study which aimed to identify
potential relationships between perceived barriers, self-reported health status, chronic health conditions and participation in physical activity among older adults.

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Publication Date: June 9, 2014

14-5: After school Patterns of Outdoor Physical Activity in Children: The Peach Project

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14-5: After school Patterns of Outdoor Physical Activity in Children: The Peach Project

Summary

This edition of the research file will summarize the findings of a study by Cooper et al. In their study, Cooper and colleagues explore the use of global positioning system (GPS) and accelerometers as an objectives measure of outdoor physical activity during the after school period.

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Publication Date: May 1, 2014

14-4: Getting the Message Out: Increasing Physical Activity through Social Marketing

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14-4: Getting the Message Out: Increasing Physical Activity through Social Marketing

Summary

The main focus of this research file will be to summarize the findings of a study conducted by Leavy and colleagues; which aimed at reviewing the literature on the effectiveness of physical activity mass media campaigns.

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Publication Date: April 1, 2014

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